Dilip Ratha


Remittances & Migration    Diaspora Bonds    Future-Flow Securitization    Country Risk Rating

Blog: Peoplemove

Peer-reviewed articles

Working papers/reports




NY Times article




Welcome to my personal website. Please note that I am not updating this site as often as I used to as I have started blogging more regularly on Peoplemove Blog. My Twitter account is @DilipRatha.

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New! Sovereign ratings in the post-crisis world: an analysis of actual, shadow and relative risk ratings, October 2013

The paper presents new shadow ratings for 120+ countries as of December 2012. It also develops a new rating scale called the "relative risk rating". Post-crisis, the relative rating improved in developing economies (Azerbaijan, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, and the Philippines) and deteriorated in high-income countries (Cyprus, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland). Interestingly, India, Jordan, Poland, and the UK had their rating outlook downgraded by the rating agencies, but their relative rating actually improved as other countries suffered even worse downgrades.

New! Outlook for migration and remittance flows, 2013-2016, October 2013

Remittance flows to developing countries are expected to reach $414 billion in 2013 and $540 billion by 2016.


Migration and Remittances during the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond, June 2012.

Harnessing Diasporas,” Finance and Development, September 2011.

Shadow Sovereign Ratings, Economic Premise, August 2011.

A Bond for the Homeland,” Foreign Policy, May 2011.

Three Africa Migration reports released by the World Bank in 2011:

Leveraging Migration for Africa: Remittances, Skills, and Investments

Diaspora for Development in Africa

Remittance Markets in Africa

Migration household surveys in Africa:

Burkina Faso




South Africa


Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011

“Diaspora bonds: Tapping the diaspora during difficult times,” Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Pollicy, October 2010

Actual and predicted ratings for rated developing countries. This is a hand-out for my keynote presentation at the Euromoney Agency Finance Conference in Washington D.C. on June 19, 2009. Our model for predicting sovereign ratings seems to be working. The original working paper is now published in World Development volume 39, March 2011.

  Updated 10/27/2013